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The Conservatives said that they would give an independent regulator such as ATVOD the legal power to compel internet service providers to block sites which failed to include effective age verification.

One known method is ISP scraping DNS of domains subject to blocking orders to produce a list of IPs to block.

The practice originated as a result of a court order applied against an incidence of copyright infringement was that taken out by the Motion Picture Association in December 2010 at the request of Hollywood studios.

It required BT to use Cleanfeed to block its customers' access to the site.

BT did not appeal against the ruling and put the required block in place on 2 November 2011.

In May 2015, a leaked Council of the European Union document on the topic of net neutrality suggested users would have to opt into blocks, rather than opt out as per the current UK government's plans.

John Carr of the UK Council for Child Internet Safety said of the proposals: "a major plank of the UK’s approach to online child protection will be destroyed at a stroke".

The initial legal status of ISP web blocking was voluntary, although there were a number of attempts to introduce legislation to move it onto a mandatory footing.

David Cameron first announced such legislation in July 2013 and no Government legislation to this effect occurred during the 2010-15 Parliament.

Prior to the 2015 United Kingdom general election, 2015 both the opposition Labour Party and the governing Conservative Party said that, if elected, they would legislate on the issue.

Labour said that it would introduce mandatory filters based on BBFC ratings if it believed that voluntary filtering by ISPs had failed.

In September 2013 an Ofcom survey revealed that 2% of Internet users are responsible for 74% of all copyright-infringing downloads in the UK, and that 29% of all downloads are of content which violates copyright.